New API call in Firebird 2.5 to shutdown server

fb_shutdown(), fb_shutdown_callback() - new API call in Firebird 2.5.

Implements smart shutdown of engine. Primarily used when working with embedded Firebird.


Alex Peshkoff <[email protected]>

Syntax is:

typedef int (*FB_SHUTDOWN_CALLBACK)(const int reason, const int mask, void* arg);

int fb_shutdown(unsigned int timeout,

const int reason);

ISC_STATUS fb_shutdown_callback(ISC_STATUS* status_vector,

FB_SHUTDOWN_CALLBACK callback_function,

const int mask,

void* arg);


fb_shutdown() performs smart shutdown of various Firebird subsystems (yValve, engine, redirector).

It DOES NOT perform shutdown of remote servers, to which you are currently attached — just terminates any Firebird activity in the current process. fb_shutdown() was primarily designed to be used by engine itself, but also can be used in user applications - for example, if you want to close all opened handles at once, fb_shutdown() may be used for it. Normally it should not be used, because Firebird libraries (both kinds - embedded or pure client) do call it automatically at exit(). To make fb_shutdown() be called at exit, you should attach at least one database (or service).

Parameters and return values

fb_shutdown() accepts 2 parameters - timeout in milliseconds and reason of shutdown. Engine uses negative reason codes (they are listed in ibase.h, see constants starting with fb_shutrsn), if you need to call fb_shutdown() from your program, you must use positive value for reason. This value is passed to callback_function, passed as an argument to fb_shutdown_callback(), and you can take appropriate actions when writing callback function.

Zero return value of fb_shutdown() means shutdown is successfull, non-zero means some errors took place during shutdown. You should consult firebird.log for more information.

fb_shutdown_callback() setups callback function, which will be called during shutdown. It has 4 parameters - status vector, pointer to callback function, call mask and argumnet to be passed to callback function. Call mask can have the following values:

  • fb_shut_preproviders - callback function will be called before shutting down engine

  • fb_shut_postproviders - callback function will be called after shutting down engine or ORed combination of them (to make same function be called in both cases).

Callback function has 3 parameters - reason of shutdown, actual value of mask with which it was called and argument passed by user to fb_shutdown_callback(). There are 2 specially interesting shutdown reasons:

  • fb_shutrsn_exit_called - Firebird is closing due to exit() or unloaded client/embedded library

  • fb_shutrsn_signal - signal SIGINT or SIGTERM was caught (posix only)

Second parameter (actual value of mask) helps to distinguish if callback was invoked before or after engine shutdown. First and second parameters help you decide what action to be taken in your callback. Third can be used for any purporse you like and may be NULL.

Zero return value of callback function means it performed it's job OK, non-zero is interpreted depending upon call mask. For fb_shut_postproviders calls it means some errors took place, and non-zero value will be returned from fb_shutdown(). It's callback function responsibility to notify world about exact reasons of error return. For fb_shut_preproviders non-zero means that shutdown will not be performed. It's bad idea to return non-zero if shutdown is due to exit() called.

fb_shutdown_callback() almost always returns successfully, though in some cases (out of memory for example) it can return error.

Sample (it will make your program do not terminate on ctrl-C pressed after attaching databases):

#include <ibase.h>

// callback function for shutdown

static int ignoreCtrlC(const int reason, const int, void*)


return reason == fb_shutrsn_signal ? 1 : 0;


int main(int argc, char *argv[])



if (fb_shutdown_callback(status, ignoreCtrlC, fb_shut_preproviders, 0))



return 1;


// your code continues ...